Hermann Göring hatte vier Geschwister: Karl Ernst Göring (* ; † );; Olga Therese Sophie (* ; † 7. Oktober in Tweng), verheiratet mit dem. NS-Politiker. Januar: Hermann Göring wird als Sohn des Juristen und hochrangigen Kolonialbeamten Heinrich Göring und dessen Ehefrau Franziska. | US-Ankläger Robert Jackson verhört Herrmann Göring. Hermann Görings Brief an SS-Gruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich,
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Seriously wounded in the hip in aerial combat, he took nearly a year to recover. He then was transferred to Jagdstaffel 26 , commanded by Loerzer, in February He steadily scored air victories until May, when he was assigned to command Jagdstaffel Serving with Jastas 5, 26, and 27, he continued to win victories.
Three were possible and 17 were certain, or highly likely. On 7 July , following the death of Wilhelm Reinhard , successor to Manfred von Richthofen , Göring was made commander of the "Flying Circus", Jagdgeschwader 1.
In the last days of the war, Göring was repeatedly ordered to withdraw his squadron, first to Tellancourt airdrome, then to Darmstadt.
At one point, he was ordered to surrender the aircraft to the Allies; he refused. Many of his pilots intentionally crash-landed their planes to keep them from falling into enemy hands.
Like many other German veterans, Göring was a proponent of the Stab-in-the-back legend , the belief which held that the German Army had not really lost the war, but instead was betrayed by the civilian leadership: Marxists, Jews, and especially the Republicans , who had overthrown the German monarchy.
Göring remained in aviation after the war. He tried barnstorming and briefly worked at Fokker. After spending most of living in Denmark , he moved to Sweden and joined Svensk Lufttrafik , a Swedish airline.
Göring was often hired for private flights. During the winter of —, he was hired by Count Eric von Rosen to fly him to his castle from Stockholm.
Invited to spend the night, Göring may at this time have first seen the swastika emblem, which Rosen had set in the chimney piece as a family badge.
Estranged from her husband of ten years, she had an eight-year-old son. Göring was immediately infatuated and asked her to meet him in Stockholm.
They arranged a visit at the home of her parents and spent much time together through , when Göring left for Munich to take political science at the university.
Carin obtained a divorce, followed Göring to Munich, and married him on 3 February Göring joined the Nazi Party in after hearing a speech by Hitler.
At this time, Carin—who liked Hitler—often played hostess to meetings of leading Nazis, including her husband, Hitler, Rudolf Hess , Alfred Rosenberg , and Ernst Röhm.
I liked him. I made him the head of my SA. He is the only one of its heads that ran the SA properly. I gave him a dishevelled rabble. In a very short time he had organised a division of 11, men.
Hitler and the Nazi Party held mass meetings and rallies in Munich and elsewhere during the early s, attempting to gain supporters in a bid for political power.
Göring, who was with Hitler leading the march to the War Ministry, was shot in the groin. He remained in hospital until 24 December.
The Görings—acutely short of funds and reliant on the good will of Nazi sympathizers abroad—moved from Austria to Venice.
In May they visited Rome, via Florence and Siena. Göring met Mussolini, who expressed an interest in meeting Hitler, who was by then in prison.
Personal problems continued to multiply. By , Carin's mother was ill. Göring had become a violent morphine addict; Carin's family were shocked by his deterioration.
Carin, who was ill with epilepsy and a weak heart, had to allow the doctors to take charge of Göring; her son was taken by his father.
He returned to Germany when an amnesty was declared in and resumed working in the aircraft industry. Meanwhile, the Nazi Party was in a period of rebuilding and waiting.
The economy had recovered, which meant fewer opportunities for the Nazis to agitate. The SA was reorganised, but with Franz Pfeffer von Salomon as its head rather than Göring, and the Schutzstaffel SS was founded in , initially as a bodyguard for Hitler.
Membership in the party increased from 27, in to , in and , in In the May elections the Nazi Party only obtained 12 seats out of an available in the Reichstag.
In the July election , the Nazis won seats to become far and away the largest party in the Reichstag. By longstanding tradition, the Nazis were thus entitled to select the President of the Reichstag , and elected Göring to the post.
The Reichstag fire occurred on the night of 27 February Göring was one of the first to arrive on the scene. Marinus van der Lubbe —a Communist radical—was arrested and claimed sole responsibility for the fire.
Göring immediately called for a crackdown on Communists. The Nazis took advantage of the fire to advance their own political aims. The Reichstag Fire Decree , passed the next day on Hitler's urging, suspended basic rights and allowed detention without trial.
Activities of the German Communist Party were suppressed, and some 4, Party members were arrested. Shirer and Alan Bullock , are of the opinion that the Nazi Party itself was responsible for starting the fire.
At the Nuremberg trials , General Franz Halder testified that Göring admitted responsibility for starting the fire.
He said that, at a luncheon held on Hitler's birthday in , Göring said, "The only one who really knows about the Reichstag is I, because I set it on fire!
During the early s, Göring was often in the company of Emmy Sonnemann , an actress from Hamburg. A large reception was held the night before at the Berlin Opera House.
Fighter aircraft flew overhead on the night of the reception and the day of the ceremony,  at which Hitler was best man. When Hitler was named chancellor of Germany in January , Göring was appointed as minister without portfolio , Minister of the Interior for Prussia, and Reich Commissioner of Aviation.
Frick and head of the Schutzstaffel SS Heinrich Himmler hoped to create a unified police force for all of Germany, but Göring on 30 November established a Prussian police force, with Rudolf Diels at its head.
The force was called the Geheime Staatspolizei Secret State Police , or Gestapo. Göring, thinking that Diels was not ruthless enough to use the Gestapo effectively to counteract the power of the SA, handed over control of the Gestapo to Himmler on 20 April Hitler was deeply concerned that Ernst Röhm , the chief of the SA, was planning a coup.
Himmler and Reinhard Heydrich plotted with Göring to use the Gestapo and SS to crush the SA. Enraged, Hitler ordered the arrest of the SA leadership.
Röhm was shot dead in his cell when he refused to commit suicide; Göring personally went over the lists of detainees—numbering in the thousands—and determined who else should be shot.
At least 85 people were killed in the period of 30 June to 2 July, which is now known as the Night of the Long Knives. A retroactive law was passed making the action legal.
Any criticism was met with arrests. One of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles , which had been in place since the end of World War I, stated that Germany was not allowed to maintain an air force.
After the signing of the Kellogg—Briand Pact , police aircraft were permitted. Göring was appointed Air Traffic Minister in May Germany began to accumulate aircraft in violation of the Treaty, and in the existence of the Luftwaffe was formally acknowledged,  with Göring as Reich Aviation Minister.
During a cabinet meeting in September , Göring and Hitler announced that the German rearmament programme must be sped up. On 18 October, Hitler named Göring as Plenipotentiary of the Four Year Plan to undertake this task.
Göring created a new organisation to administer the Plan and drew the ministries of labour and agriculture under its umbrella. He bypassed the economics ministry in his policy-making decisions, to the chagrin of Hjalmar Schacht , the minister in charge.
Huge expenditures were made on rearmament, in spite of growing deficits. In this way, both of these institutions were brought under Göring's control under the auspices of the Four Year Plan.
In , Göring was involved in the Blomberg—Fritsch Affair , which led to the resignations of the War Minister, Generalfeldmarschall Werner von Blomberg , and the army commander, General Werner von Fritsch.
Göring had acted as witness at Blomberg's wedding to Margarethe Gruhn, a year-old typist, on 12 January Information received from the police showed that the young bride was a prostitute.
Blomberg was forced to resign. Göring did not want Fritsch to be appointed to that position and thus be his superior. Several days later, Heydrich revealed a file on Fritsch that contained allegations of homosexual activity and blackmail.
The charges were later proven to be false, but Fritsch had lost Hitler's trust and was forced to resign. Göring asked for the post of War Minister, but was turned down; he was appointed to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall.
Hitler took over as supreme commander of the armed forces and created subordinate posts to head the three main branches of service.
As minister in charge of the Four Year Plan, Göring became concerned with the lack of natural resources in Germany, and began pushing for Austria to be incorporated into the Reich.
The province of Styria had rich iron ore deposits, and the country as a whole was home to many skilled labourers that would also be useful.
Hitler had always been in favour of a takeover of Austria, his native country. He met the Austrian Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg on 12 February , threatening invasion if peaceful unification was not forthcoming.
The Nazi Party was made legal in Austria to gain a power base, and a referendum on reunification was scheduled for March.
When Hitler did not approve of the wording of the plebiscite, Göring telephoned Schuschnigg and Austrian head of state Wilhelm Miklas to demand Schuschnigg's resignation, threatening invasion by German troops and civil unrest by the Austrian Nazi Party members.
Schuschnigg resigned on 11 March and the plebiscite was cancelled. By the next morning, German troops that had been massing on the border marched into Austria, meeting no resistance.
Although Joachim von Ribbentrop had been named Foreign Minister in February , Göring continued to involve himself in foreign affairs. Neville Chamberlain was in favour of a meeting, and there was talk of a pact being signed between Britain and Germany.
In February , Göring visited Warsaw to quell rumours about the upcoming invasion of Poland. He had conversations with the Hungarian government that summer as well, discussing their potential role in an invasion of Czechoslovakia.
At the Nuremberg Rally that September, Göring and other speakers denounced the Czechs as an inferior race that must be conquered.
Although many in the party disliked him,  before the war Göring enjoyed widespread personal popularity among the German public because of his perceived sociability, colour and humour.
The Nazi press was on Göring's side. Other leaders, such as Hess and Ribbentrop, were envious of his popularity.
Göring and other senior officers were concerned that Germany was not yet ready for war, but Hitler insisted on pushing ahead as soon as possible.
With the help of the Luftwaffe, the Polish Air Force was defeated within a week. Göring's Luftwaffe played critical roles in the Battles of the Netherlands , Belgium and France in May After the Fall of France , Hitler awarded Göring the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross for his successful leadership.
As a result of this promotion, he was the highest-ranking soldier in Germany until the end of the war. Göring had already received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 30 September as Commander in Chief of the Luftwaffe.
The UK had declared war on Germany immediately after the invasion of Poland. In July , Hitler began preparations for an invasion of Britain.
As part of the plan, the Royal Air Force RAF had to be neutralized. Bombing raids commenced on British air installations and on cities and centres of industry.
The campaign failed, and Sea Lion was postponed indefinitely on 17 September On 12 October Hitler cancelled Sea Lion due to the onset of winter. He was trained for a career in the military and received his commission in , serving Germany as a pilot during World War I.
After the war, Göring worked as a commercial pilot in Denmark and Sweden, where he met Swedish baroness Carin von Kantzow, who promptly divorced her husband and married Göring in February In November , Göring took part in the failed Beer Hall Putsch, during which Hitler attempted to seize control of the German government by spearheading a revolution with the help of the SA.
During the putsch, Göring was severely wounded in the groin and, after his escape into Austria, was given morphine for the pain. As a result, Göring developed a severe drug addiction that would follow him for his entire life and twice lead him into a treatment center.
After the putsch failed, Hitler was imprisoned and released in , and Göring remained in exile until he was granted amnesty in He then returned to Germany and was readmitted to the Nazi Party.
Göring's wife died in , and the following year Göring rose to the presidency of the Reichstag parliament when the Nazi Party won the majority of seats in the July election.
Hitler was named German chancellor on January 30, , and before long a bill giving him dictatorial powers was passed.
Ainsi, pendant un ou deux mois, il demeure dans l'ombre [ 32 ]. Le couple a pour fille Edda Göring.
Göring devient aussi ministre de l'Aviation Reichsluftfahrtminister en Le Führer exclut Göring du parti national-socialiste dans son testament du 30 avril , ainsi que Himmler , avant de se suicider.
Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. Menu de navigation Espaces de noms Article Discussion.Retrieved 20 August Sky Ticket Serien Liste Reichstag Fire Decreepassed the next day on Hitler's urging, suspended basic rights and allowed detention without trial. Simpson, p. Related topics Antisemitism Beefsteak Nazi Denazification Enabling Act of Fascism Glossary of Steinerne Hochzeit Germany The Holocaust Neo-Nazism Völkisch movement Zweites Buch. Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories Scream 4 shaped their lives. Hermann Wilhelm Göring war ein führender deutscher nationalsozialistischer Politiker. Ab Mai war er Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe. Ab / übernahm er die Führung der deutschen Wirtschaft und das Reichswirtschaftsministerium. Hermann Wilhelm Göring (* Januar in Rosenheim; † Oktober in Nürnberg) war ein führender deutscher nationalsozialistischer Politiker und. NS-Politiker. Januar: Hermann Göring wird als Sohn des Juristen und hochrangigen Kolonialbeamten Heinrich Göring und dessen Ehefrau Franziska. Den Krieg habe er nicht gewollt, Bluttaten hätte er nie befohlen - dennoch war es Hermann Göring vor dem Internationalen Militärgerichtshof wichtig zu betonen. Benennung um ; Uni Greifswald : Ernsts Problem Die Uni Greifswald will ihren Namenspatron loswerden. Nach der Umbenennung Errichtung eines Denkmals für Fack Ju Göthe Stream Gefallen des Ersten Weltkriegs und die im Kampf um das Dritte Reich Getöteten, nach beseitigt. StadtA Ennepetal: