März um Uhr Ortszeit löste ein starkes Erdbeben der Stufe 9 vor der Pazifikküste Japans einen gewaltigen Tsunami aus, der km. Der verheerende Tsunami nach dem Erdbeben am März hat unendliches Leid über Japan gebracht. Tausende von Menschen. Erste Bilanz nach Erdbeben und Tsunami: Tote, Vermisste, eine halbe Million Menschen in Notunterkünften. Und inzwischen.
Tōhoku-Erdbeben 2011Der verheerende Tsunami nach dem Erdbeben am März hat unendliches Leid über Japan gebracht. Tausende von Menschen. Erste Bilanz nach Erdbeben und Tsunami: Tote, Vermisste, eine halbe Million Menschen in Notunterkünften. Und inzwischen. Miss die Entfernung von der Küste Chiles bis Japan (Atlas) und berechne die. Geschwindigkeit des Chile-Tsunamis. 4. Erkläre, warum besonders der.
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Rolling blackouts of approximately three hours were experienced throughout April and May while TEPCO scrambled to find a temporary power solution.
The blackouts affected Tokyo, Kanagawa , Eastern Shizuoka , Yamanashi , Chiba , Ibaraki , Saitama , Tochigi , and Gunma prefectures. Kansai Electric Power Company Kepco could not share electricity, because its system operated at 60 hertz, whereas TEPCO and TEP operate their systems at 50 hertz; the disparity is due to early industrial and infrastructure development in the s that left Japan without a unified national power grid.
With damage to so many power plants, it was feared it might be years before a long-term solution could be found.
To help alleviate the shortage, three steel manufacturers in the Kanto region contributed electricity produced by their in-house conventional power stations to TEPCO for distribution to the general public.
The expected electricity crisis in summer was successfully prevented thanks to all the setsuden measures. Peak electricity consumption recorded by TEPCO during the period was The city-owned plant for importing liquefied natural gas in Sendai was severely damaged, and supplies were halted for at least a month.
In addition to refining and storage, several power plants were damaged. These include Sendai 4, New-Sendai 1 and 2, Haranomachi 1 and 2, Hirono 2 and 4 and Hitachinaka 1.
Cooling is needed to remove decay heat after a Generation II reactor has been shut down, and to maintain spent fuel pools. The backup cooling process is powered by emergency diesel generators at the plants and at Rokkasho nuclear reprocessing plant.
Subsequent analysis found that many Japanese nuclear plants, including Fukushima Daiichi, were not adequately protected against tsunamis.
The aftershock on 7 April caused the loss of external power to Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant and Higashidori Nuclear Power Plant but backup generators were functional.
A spill of "up to 3. A report by the IAEA in found that the Onagawa Nuclear Power Plant , the closest nuclear plant to the epicenter of the earthquake and tsunami, had remained largely undamaged.
The plant's three reactors automatically shut down without damage and all safety systems functioned as designed. The Energy Commissioner of the European Union Günther Oettinger addressed the European Parliament on 15 March, explaining that the nuclear disaster was an "apocalypse".
It was not as bad as the Chernobyl disaster , but worse than the Three Mile Island accident. It could take months or years to learn how damaging the release of dangerous isotopes has been to human health and food supplies, and to the surrounding countryside.
Later analysis indicated three reactors at Fukushima I Units 1, 2, and 3 had suffered meltdowns and continued to leak coolant water. In , only two nuclear reactors in Japan had been restarted since the shutdowns.
Of these, only nine reactors in five power plants were operating after having been restarted post Japan declared a state of emergency following the failure of the cooling system at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant , resulting in the evacuation of nearby residents.
Radioactive iodine was detected in the tap water in Fukushima, Tochigi, Gunma, Tokyo, Chiba, Saitama, and Niigata, and radioactive caesium in the tap water in Fukushima, Tochigi and Gunma.
There may be a need to replace the contaminated soil. A fire occurred in the turbine section of the Onagawa Nuclear Power Plant following the earthquake.
On 13 March the lowest-level state of emergency was declared regarding the Onagawa plant as radioactivity readings temporarily  exceeded allowed levels in the area of the plant.
A spill of a couple of litres of radioactive water occurred at Onagawa. None of Japan's commercial wind turbines , totaling over MW in nameplate capacity , failed as a result of the earthquake and tsunami, including the Kamisu offshore wind farm directly hit by the tsunami.
Japan's transport network suffered severe disruptions. The expressway did not reopen to general public use until 24 March A tsunami flooded Sendai Airport at JST,  about 1 hour after the initial quake, causing severe damage.
Narita and Haneda Airport both briefly suspended operations after the quake, but suffered little damage and reopened within 24 hours.
Various train services around Japan were also canceled, with JR East suspending all services for the rest of the day. There were no derailments of Shinkansen bullet train services in and out of Tokyo, but their services were also suspended.
Services on Yamagata Shinkansen resumed with limited numbers of trains on 31 March. Derailments were minimized because of an early warning system that detected the earthquake before it struck.
The system automatically stopped all high-speed trains, which minimized the damage. The rolling blackouts brought on by the crises at the nuclear power plants in Fukushima had a profound effect on the rail networks around Tokyo starting on 14 March.
Cellular and landline phone service suffered major disruptions in the affected area. On the day of the quake itself American broadcaster NPR was unable to reach anyone in Sendai with a working phone or access to the Internet.
Matsushima Air Field of the Japan Self-Defense Force in Miyagi Prefecture was struck by the tsunami, flooding the base and resulting in damage to all 18 Mitsubishi F-2 fighter jets of the 21st Fighter Training Squadron.
JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency evacuated the Tsukuba Space Center in Tsukuba, Ibaraki. The center, which houses a control room for part of the International Space Station , was shut down and some damage was reported.
The aftermath of the earthquake and tsunami included both a humanitarian crisis and a major economic impact. In comparison to the Great Hanshin earthquake , the East Japan earthquake brought serious damage to an extremely wide range.
An official in the city's government trash disposal department estimated that it would take three years to empty these sites.
In April , authorities off the coast of Oregon discovered debris that is thought to be from a boat destroyed during the tsunami.
Cargo contained yellowtail jack fish, a species that lives off the coast of Japan, still alive. According to Japan's foreign ministry, countries and 28 international organizations offered assistance.
Japan specifically requested assistance from teams from Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, and the United States. Japan's national public broadcaster, NHK , and Japan Satellite Television suspended their usual programming to provide ongoing coverage of the situation.
Ustream Asia broadcast live feeds of NHK, Tokyo Broadcasting System , Nippon TV , Fuji TV , TV Asahi , TV Tokyo , Tokyo MX , TV Kanagawa , and CNN on the Internet starting on 12 March It was noted that the Japanese news media has been at times overly cautious to avoid panic and reliance on confusing statements by experts and officials.
In this national crisis, the Japanese government provided Japanese Sign Language JSL interpreting at the press conferences related to the earthquake and tsunami.
According to Jake Adelstein , most Japanese media accepted and parroted the misinformation put out by the Japanese government and TEPCO about the unfolding Fukushima nuclear crisis.
Notable exceptions, according to Adelstein, were newspapers Sankei Shimbun and Chunichi Shimbun which questioned the accuracy of the information coming from the government and TEPCO.
Because of the unquestioning nature of most Japanese media to hold to the "party line", many Japanese mid-level officials and experts spoke to foreign media to get their opinions and observations publicized.
Atsushi Funahashi , director of Nuclear Nation notes that "when the overseas media was calling Fukushima a ' meltdown ,' the Japanese government and media waited two months before admitting it.
Nine days after the earthquake hit, a visualization and sonification were uploaded to YouTube allowing listeners to hear the earthquake as it unfolded in time.
Two days of seismic activity made available by the IRIS Consortium were compressed into two minutes of sound. The large number of views made the video one of the most popular examples of sonification on the web.
Also, following the earthquake, for the first time in Japanese history, the Emperor addressed the nation in a pre-recorded television broadcast.
While the Japan Trench was known for creating large quakes, it had not been expected to generate quakes above an 8. Also, a tsunami-earthquake with a tsunami magnitude scales Mt between 8.
The quake gave scientists the opportunity to collect a large amount of data to model the seismic events that took place in great detail.
Researchers soon after the full extent of the disaster was known launched a project to gather all digital material relating to the disaster into an online searchable archive to form the basis of future research into the events during and after the disaster.
The Japan Digital Archive is presented in English and Japanese and is hosted at the Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Some of the first research to come from the archive was a paper from the Digital Methods Initiative in Amsterdam about patterns of Twitter usage around the time of the disaster.
After the disaster the UNISDR, United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction , held its World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Tohoku in March , which produced the Sendai Framework document to guide efforts by international development agencies to act before disasters instead of reacting to them after the fact.
At this time Japan's Disaster Management Office Naikakufu Bosai Keikaku published a bi-lingual guide in Japanese and English, Disaster Management in Japan , to outline the several varieties of natural disaster and the preparations being made for the eventuality of each.
In the fall of Japan's National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience NIED; Japanese abbreviation, Bosai Kaken; full name Bousai Kagaku Gijutsu Kenkyusho launched the online interactive "Disaster Chronology Map for Japan, —" map labels in Japanese to display in visual form the location, disaster time, and date across the islands.
An expedition named Japan Trench Fast Drilling Project have been conducted in year — to drill oceanfloor boreholes through the fault-zone of the earthquake and gathered important data about the rupture mechanism and physical properties of the fault that caused the huge earthquake and tsunami which devastated much of northeast Japan.
The Japanese government's response to the earthquake, the efforts of Japanese citizens to help with recovery, and the disaster itself have inspired many works from Japanese creators.
Two months after the earthquake, mangaka Hirohiko Araki incorporated the earthquake itself into the story of JoJolion , the eighth installment of the JoJo's Bizarre Adventure series; while JoJolion is set several months after the fictional town of Morioh was devastated by the earthquake, the earthquake has a key role in the plot as it is the cause behind the emergence of the Wall Eyes, mysterious stone structures that ultimately set the story into motion.
The earthquake and the tragic losses had been served as a significant inspiration for the Japan women's national football team , in which, in the FIFA Women's World Cup , managed to create the greatest giant-killing ever in the history where Japan came from nothing to become world champions despite the devastating earthquake and lack of funding for the team; the Nadeshiko itself also unveiled banner to thank global support despite adverse situations at home.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the aftershock that occurred on 7 April, see April Miyagi earthquake. Smoke from the Sendai Nippon Oil refinery.
Play media. Further information: Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. Main articles: Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster and Timeline of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster.
See also: Seismicity of the Sanriku coast. Retrieved 18 June Retrieved 13 March United States Geological Survey USGS.
Archived from the original on 7 April Retrieved 9 November Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 18 March Source rupture process of the Tohoku-Oki earthquake derived from strong-motion records PDF.
Proceedings of the fifteenth world conference on earthquake engineering. Lisbon, Portugal. The Balance. Jakarta Globe. Archived from the original on 15 March Retrieved 12 March BNO News.
Archived from the original on 14 April Retrieved 12 April Tsunami victim remains wash ashore near Fort Stevens. Retrieved on 2 May CBS News. Associated Press.
Retrieved 3 July Archived from the original on 1 April Retrieved 11 March Retrieved 15 March BBC News. Archived from the original on 12 March Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet.
Retrieved 1 April The Japan Times. Archived from the original on 5 April Retrieved 2 April USA Today.
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Harper Collins. The epicentre was located some 80 miles km east of the city of Sendai , Miyagi prefecture, and the focus occurred at a depth of The earthquake was caused by the rupture of a stretch of the subduction zone associated with the Japan Trench , which separates the Eurasian Plate from the subducting Pacific Plate.
Some geologists argue that this portion of the Eurasian Plate is actually a fragment of the North American Plate called the Okhotsk microplate.
A part of the subduction zone measuring approximately miles km long by 95 miles km wide lurched as much as feet 50 metres to the east-southeast and thrust upward about 33 feet 10 metres.
The March 11 temblor was felt as far away as Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky , Russia; Kao-hsiung , Taiwan; and Beijing , China. It was preceded by several foreshocks, including a magnitude Hundreds of aftershocks, dozens of magnitude 6.
Nearly two years later, on December 7, , a magnitude The quake caused no injuries and little damage. The March 11, , earthquake was the strongest to strike the region since the beginning of record keeping in the late 19th century, and it is considered one of the most powerful earthquakes ever recorded.
The sudden horizontal and vertical thrusting of the Pacific Plate, which has been slowly advancing under the Eurasian Plate near Japan, displaced the water above and spawned a series of highly destructive tsunami waves.
A wave measuring some 33 feet high inundated the coast and flooded parts of the city of Sendai , including its airport and the surrounding countryside.
A total of 18, humans died. Earthquake in Japan Sea Of Japan with a magnitude of 7. The tsunami also reached South Korea, Russia, North Korea.
A total of humans died. Earthquake in Japan Noshiro, Japan with a magnitude of 7. The tsunami also reached Russia, South Korea.
Earthquake in Chile Southern Chile with a magnitude of 9. March 18, According to the official confirmed report, houses were damaged by the earthquake, houses were burned, people were killed, and landslides destroyed homes in the affected area.
This quake occurred at local time. February 22, The damage was minor. However, the Seismological Society of Japan was established in response to the quake.
First major earthquake after the establishment of the Seismological Society of Japan in October 22, Sakata , Yamagata Prefecture.
According to the official confirmed report, 14, houses and buildings were damaged and 2, were burned.
There were human fatalities and 8, people injured in the damaged area. A large-scale fire broke out in Sakata, and around the Shonai plain area, many instances of cracked earth, sinking ground, sand boils, and fountains were observed.
Tsunami were also observed as far away as Hawaii and in California. September 1, This earthquake's epicenter was According to the Japanese government's official report, there were human fatalities, 1, people injured, 7, buildings destroyed, and 45, houses damaged by collapse or fire.
This quake caused extensive damage to the town of Toyooka and the Maruyama River area. Just before the shaking could be felt, a sound like a cannon was reportedly heard intermittently from the direction of the estuary near the Maruyama River.
During the earthquake, the ground in the town of Tokyooka experienced strong seismic vibrations for 16 seconds.
As most of the buildings of the time were wooden, many of them were destroyed at once during the initial earthquake.
Tango Peninsula in Kyoto Prefecture. November 26, Kamaishi Bay, Iwate after earthquake and tsunami. November 3, September 10, December 7, This earthquake occurred on Dec.
Its moment magnitude was 8. The earthquake and tsunami combined killed 1, people, with injuries reported to have affected 20, people or more.
January 13, An earthquake which occurred off Mie and Aichi prefectures , Japan at on January 13, December 20, Occurred on December 20, at UTC.
A major earthquake in Fukui Prefecture , Japan. The Hokkaido earthquake took place around March 4, in the sea east of Hokkaido.
On the Moment magnitude scale , it measured 8. Casualties occurred due to the earthquake. August 19, One of the earthquakes that the Japan Meteorological Agency named for the.
The earthquake caused widespread soil liquefaction in the city of Niigata, resulting in unusually high levels of damage to buildings for the felt intensity.
Offshore of Misawa, Japan. This earthquake struck off the coast of Honshu Island , near Misawa Japan, Aomori Prefecture , and was followed by a significant tsunami.
The earthquake and ensuing tsunami claimed 52 lives and resulted in significant material damage in Northern Japan.
Damage was greatest around Sendai , and the earthquake triggered widespread landslides. Rising up to 30 feet 10 meters above the coastline, the tsunami created by this earthquake was observed throughout a wide area along the Sea of Japan's coast and caused damage from Tsuruoka to Goshogawara.
In total, people were killed. Soil liquification was widely observed through the affected area. September 14, Mount Ontake , Otaki, Nagano Prefecture.
December 28, January 17, Great Hanshin earthquake. It measured M w 6. March 24, September 25,On March 11, , a magnitude-9 earthquake shook northeastern Japan, unleashing a savage tsunami. The effects of the great earthquake were felt around the world, from Norway's fjords to. Japan earthquake and tsunami, severe natural disaster that occurred in northeastern Japan on March 11, , and killed at least 20, people. The event began with a powerful earthquake off the coast of Honshu, Japan’s main island, which initiated a series of large tsunami waves that devastated many coastal areas. Tsunamis in Japan In a total of tidal waves classified as a tsunami since a total of , people died in Japan. Tsunamis therefore occur comparatively often in this country. The strongest tidal wave registered in Japan so far reached a height of 90 meters. At this Tsunami on 08/29/ a total of 1, people have been killed. The earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tōhoku (東北地方太平洋沖地震 Tōhoku-chihō Taiheiyō Oki Jishin?) was a magnitude – (Mw) undersea megathrust earthquak. tsunami big wave japan,japan tsunami wave destruction,japan tsunami first wave,tsunami japan wave coming in,japan tsunami waves,japan tsunami waves.